• image of a senior citizen with a walker

    How to Avoid Falls

    •Paint the edges of outdoor steps a light color.
    •Mark steps that are especially narrow or are
    higher or lower than the rest.
    •Paint outside stairs with a mixture of sand and
    paint for traction.
    •Keep outdoor walkways clear and well-lit.
    •Add grab bars in shower, tub and toilet area.
    •Use nonslip adhesive in shower or tub.
    •Have your hearing and eyesight tested. Inner
    ear problems can affect your balance. Vision
    problems can make it difficult to see potential
    hazards.
    •Inside your home, remove clutter.
    •Keep telephone and electrical cords out of
    pathways.
    •Tack rugs and glue vinyl flooring so they lie
    flat.
    •Remove or replace rugs or runners that tend
    to slip or attach nonslip backing.
    •Do not stand on a chair to reach things.
    •Exercise regularly to improve muscle flexibility,
    strength and balance. Talk to your healthcare
    professional about an exercise program
    that is right for you.
    •If you feel dizzy or light-headed, sit down or
    stay seated until your head clears. Stand up
    slowly to avoid unsteadiness.
    •Store frequently used objects where you can
    reach them easily.
    •Have a lamp or light switch that can easily be
    reached without getting out of bed.
    •Use night lights in the bedroom, bathroom
    and hallways.
    •Keep a flashlight handy.
    •Have light switches at both ends of stairs and
    halls.
    •Install handrails on both sides of stairs.
    •Consider using an emergency call pendant
    like Guardian Alert or Freedom Alert.
    •Consider sitting on a bench or stool in the
    shower.
    •Consider using an elevated toilet seat.
    •Use canes & walkers as directed by your
    health care provider.
    •Wear nonslip, low heeled shoes or slippers
    that fit snugly.
    •Avoid walking around in stocking feet.
    •Review medications with your doctor or pharmacist.
    Some drugs, including over the counter
    drugs, can make you drowsy, dizzy or
    unsteady.

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